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Is this not the earliest written collection of the sayings of Jesus, echoed by the Apostles to their disciples for the churches they established? Written concurrently with the epistles of Paul, when it became evident that the Lord may not return during the lifetime of the Apostles?A BIBLICAL STUDY OF THETEACHING OF THE TWELVE APOSTLES [Didache ton dodeka apostolon] An Instruction of the Lord given to the Heathen by the Twelve Apostles(1) [Didache kyriou dia ton dodeka apostolon ethesin]Lesson I Didache Lessons List Next Beloved Lord, Your Son commanded His Apostles to make disciples of all nations and to teach them to observe all the commands He gave them.In the Church's earliest surviving catechism, we can see that what Jesus taught His Apostles is the same faith that has been handed down through the centuries to us today.We thank You Lord for the Gospel message of salvation that is our inheritance from Jesus Christ.
It was signed "Leon, notary and sinner," and bore the Greek date 6564, which in our dating is reckoned as 1056 AD.According to the Church Fathers, the first catechism was an instruction manual called Didache ton dodeka apostolon,-"Teaching of the Twelve Apostles." It was a document that was lost to the Church for many centuries.In 1873, Orthodox Metropolitan Philotheos Bryennois discovered a cache of old Greek manuscripts in the library of the Jerusalem Monastery of the Most Holy Sepulcher at Constantinople.The Purpose and Dating of the Original Document The purpose of the Didache is announced in the document's subtitle: "An instruction of the Lord given to the Heathen by the Twelve Apostles"-instructions based on the teachings of Jesus Christ that were witnessed by the Apostles and transmitted by them to pagans who desired to become Christians.While "the heathen" refers to Gentiles who desired to join a Christian faith community, the instruction in the Didache not only addressed topics necessary to admitting Gentile converts but general instructions for the community as a whole.
Guide us in our study, Lord, of the Church's instructions to the faith communities who were inviting Gentiles to enter into the New Covenant of Jesus the Messiah in fulfillment of the prophecies of Your holy Old Testament prophets. 263-340) on the list of considered books for the New Testament canon: Among the rejected writings must be reckoned also the Acts of Paul, and the so-called Shepherd, and the Apocalypse of Peter, and in addition to these the extant epistle of Barnabas, and the so-called Teachings of the Apostles ... Eusebius, Church History, III.24.4 Standing with His disciples on the Mt.